Edmonton Police Service > Community Policing > Organized Crime Branch > Gangs > Communities vs Gangs. Just my uneducated opinion. The authorities in Central America usually refer to and label street gangs as ‘organized crime’. Many of us have an abstract understanding of what white collar crimes entail. One way is to be “jumped” out with a group beating, much like many initiations into gangs. Gangs can form anywhere but most are found in larger metropolitan areas. - D J Koenig. Organized crime is actually one type of several categories of organized criminal behaviour. These crimes are not limited to any particular location and encompass a much more global region. The relationship between street gangs and the drugs mafia is ambivalent. They are different from street gangs as they usually have a strict hierarchy and there are elements of both tactical and strategic planning in their crimes … Most gang-related crimes are regional and associated with opposing gang rivalries and turf wars. On the other hand they pay members of street gangs to do particular jobs. Anyone can become the victims of street criminals. There are an estimated 25,000 gang members at large in El Salvador, 9,000 in prison, and about 60,000 young people in youth gangs, which dominate the country. In contrast, street crimes are normally conducted by hastily and loosely formed groups of individuals with the common goal of gaining illicit money through immediate criminal … Gang members range in age from as young as 12 to the mid-twenties. Copyright © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. Street gangs have, however, become much more active in the field of extortion, which they do compete with others, and in some cases even with other cliques. Organized crime networks are present around the world, many partnering in crime through modern technology like the Internet. Street and youth gangs can be considered a type of organized crime which, for example, is “street-oriented” and composed of young members. On the one hand ‘narcos’ don’t like the presence of the gangs in the areas of their activity. By Raphael Minder. The authorities in Central America usually refer to and label street gangs as ‘organized crime’. Get the latest news and breaking news on organized crime reports in your local area, the U.S. and worldwide on the New York Post. Although little is known about the criminal activities of gangs, they likely differ considerably from organized crime, which focuses on material gain and therefore has a more hierarchical leadership structure1. Congress passed the RICO Act in 1970 to combat organized crime. Large national street gangs pose the greatest threat because they smuggle, produce, transport, and distribute large quantities of illicit drugs throughout the country and are extremely violent. The activities of gangs are usually more fragmented, opportunistic and based on individual contacts 2. Organized crime are simply gangs whose scale and scope of criminal activity have citywide,regional,national or international reach. Although some participants are socialized into this system as youth, the organizations are run by career criminal adults. The activities of gangs are usually more fragmented, opportunistic and based on individual contacts2. The Organized Crime and Gang Section (OCGS) within the Criminal Division was established in late 2010 as a merger of the (former) Organized Crime and Racketeering Section (OCRS), Gang Unit, and the National Gang Targeting, Enforcement & Coordination Center (GangTECC). By comparison, adult organized crime rings build extensive enterprises in drug trafficking, human trafficking and prostitution, extortion and elaborate financial scams. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; The Youth Gangs, National Gang Center: Frequently Asked Questions About Gangs, Concept and Theory of Organized Crime in the USA; Klaus von Lampe;1999, Federal Bureau of Investigation: Organized Crime, Hemera Technologies/PhotoObjects.net/Getty Images. Not all gang activity is criminally motivated, differing from criminal organizations whose sole purpose is managing illegal operations. The FBI is dedicated to eliminating transnational organized crime groups that pose the greatest threat to the national and economic security of the United States. Although there is much sensationalism regarding the difficulty of leaving gangs, members often do leave by choice. Street gangs are comprised of youth within a given location or “turf.” Gang members range in age from as young as 12 to the mid-twenties. Prosecutors in El Salvador filed criminal charges against 1,152 members of organized crime groups in the country, primarily MS-13 and 18th Street Gangs. Traditional institutions like labor unions, construction and trash hauling have been ways to hide illegal activities. They may engage in violence, including murder, in order to maintain control of their territory. Youth respond by forming social groups and these gangs become surrogate families, providing a sense of belonging linked by location, symbols and in name 2. “Many say Al Capone sent the word out for no more bank robberies, no hijackings and no street crimes because it created too much attention and brought too much heat from the police,” said Lombardo. Gangs are loosely structured with ever changing leadership and fluctuating membership and are based upon loyalty and group cohesion rather than a rigid hierarchical structure. This effort drew resources from Justice Department lawyers, the organizations are run by criminal! 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