It has eight different forms: be, am, is, are, was, were, being, been. Click Here. There was a a lot of restaurants there. The can make negative contractions of the verb To Be in the Past tense by joining the verb (was or were) and n't (e.g. = We're doctors. In this example, the singer didn’t really break anything, but the verb is still an action verb. BE + TO-infinitive. In the final analysis, it probably doesn't matter, but the distinction leads to some interesting variations. So right now, if you can tear yourself away from these pages, you should review some of your own writing and see how often the verb to be shows up.Better yet, try to listen to yourself and see how much you rely on be’s when you talk. CEFR Level A1 'Find Someone Who' Activity Be Verb . Grammar Rule Examples. There were a lot of restaurants there. It can also be used as an auxiliary verb. The verb to be is used as an auxiliary to denote the progressive or continuous aspect of an action; it is thus used to form the "present progressive" and "past progressive" and other progressive tenses (also called the present continuous and past continuous tenses, etc.). {see To be Affirmative, A1 level}. The verb “To be” most frequently works in conjunction with another verb: “He is playing the piano,” “She will be arriving this afternoon.” Occasionally, though, the verb will stand by itself, alone, in a sentence. Verb: be English grammar lesson learning how to use it What is the verb to be? Action verbs simply indicate an action or occurrence. Singular = 1 : Plural = 1+ I: am: You: are: You: are: We: are: He/she/it: is: They : are: Uses. Do we write “The majority of students is (or are) voting against the referendum"? To - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary 4rth Edition. I am big. An expletive construction, along with its attendant “To be” verb, can often be eliminated to good effect. Each worksheet comes with the answer key. PDF eBooks; Grammar Lessons; Grammar … By Errie. In very formal text, you might write “am I not” instead. “Ain't” is not regarded as acceptable except in text attempting to duplicate substandard speech.). Grammarly. Thus: When it connects a noun, that noun is called the subject complement or predicate noun or predicate nominative. I was). be. The verb be. Forums Grammar & Sentence Structure 1 + 0. We don't make a contraction of the subject and the verb (e.g. Thanks, Fulvio. Here we are looking at it as a main verb. Visit our section on the passive for advice on when to use the passive and when to substitute more active verb forms. For & Since Thus "be supportive of" for "support" is verbose. Students will have the chance to practice the verb to be, either, too and short answers while they state what the kids like and don’t lik... 41,815 Downloads. Welcome! Notes. Forums Grammar & Sentence Structure 1 + 0. Conjugating the verb to be. They are full of picture clues that make it easier and more fun to learn. Grammar Exercises. The subject complement restates what the subject is. To Be: Present Tense. The verb to be. My cousin is watching TV in his room. To be simple present resources for esl There were a lot of restaurants there. Yes, properly (2) is incorrect. Review carefully the material in our section on Subject-Verb Agreement, and notice how often the choices we make require a familiarity with these forms of the “To be” verb. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. verb be. My mum is a doctor. You were late for school this morning. We must choose carefully among these various forms when selecting the proper verb to go with our subject. The Verb “To Be” The Forms of “To Be”. to describe actions already in progress at the moment "in focus" within the sentence, as in “I, to describe actions at the moment of focus in contrast to habitual actions, as in “We usually buy the most inexpensive car we can find, but this time we, to express repeated actions, as in “My grandfather, to describe temporary situations in contrast to permanent states, as in “Jeffrey goes to the University of Connecticut, but this summer he, to express uncompleted actions, as in “Harvey and Mark are working on their deck.”. Free Practice Tests for learners of English. Thus: And sometimes it connects a phrase showing where or when something is. 4. There were several typographical errors in this anthology. GrammarBank.com. We are doctors. It is used as both a principal verb and an auxiliary verb and is irregular in both the present and past tenses. Verb To Be I am He She It is We You They are Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The comparative or superlative form to make a comparison between people, places, objects, and ideas. I was you were She was He was It was We were They were. - - - Questions are formed by putting the verb "to be:" before the subject. Yes, it matters. That's usually an easy matter. 3. Get Vocabulary, Grammar and Teaching Tips, Site Updates and Special Offers Directly to Your Mailbox. = They’re Egyptian.. Be careful! Consider the difference between a so-called dynamic adjective (or subject complement) and a stative adjective (or subject complement): “I am silly” OR “I am being silly” versus “I am tall.” I have chosen to be silly; I have no choice about being tall. Remember! I am big.I am 10 years old! We don't make a contraction of the subject and the verb(e.g. The present simple and past simple tenses make more changes than those of other verbs. Verb to be worksheets and online activities. On the other hand, expletive constructions do give us an interesting means of setting out or organizing the work of a subsequent paragraph: Verb phrases containing "be" verbs are often merely roundabout ways of saying something better said with a simple verb. It’s now more important than ever to develop a powerful writing style. Read clear grammar explanations and example sentences to help you understand how verbs are used. See Types of main verb. When “To be” verbs are combined with modal forms in this manner, the construction is called a phrasal modal. I am, I'm. They are Egyptian. The verb "to be" is an irregular verb. Be careful! Progressive forms include a form of “To be” plus a present participle (an -ing ending). The food ison the table. There was a lot of restaurants there. (We would not say, “Two plus two is equaling four.”) In the same way, nouns and pronouns can be said to exhibit willed and unwilled characteristics. They do this by omitting the article… To be is used as an auxiliary verb, to form continuous tenses and the passive, and as a main verb. GrammarBank PDF eBooks Click Here. She is home. For instance, the police might report that “The professor was assaulted in the hallways” because they do not know the perpetrator of this heinous crime. 1994. "Verb "To Be"." Elementary level esl. Here you will find lots of exercises to practise the verb be (forms of the verb, positive and negative sentences, yes/no questions, wh-questions, riddles). (Don't try to make sense of this last construction. See the section on modals for the various kinds of information conveyed by modals (advisability, predictability, guessing, necessity, possibility, etc.). Be Verb Grammar? Grammar. 1. They take many different forms depending on their subjects, the time they refer to and other ideas we want to express. It serves more roles than most verbs, for it can serve as a main verb and a primary auxiliary verb. In the entire English language, one verb stands out: the verb to be. The Greek sea god, Proteus, was (like the sea) capable of changing form in an instant. Be Verb Grammar? Advertisements. Be - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary In a way, the “To be” verb doesn't do much for you — it just sits there — and text that is too heavily sprinkled with “To be” verbs can feel sodden, static. MacMillan Publishing Company: New York. To have as a main verb. Equals is inert, stative, and cannot take the progressive; there is no choice, no volition in the matter. Am/Is/Are. Then, put your grammar knowledge into practice by doing the exercises. First, . Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the verb to be (present tense). We use the verb a lot yet the verb "To be" is one of the most hardest verbs in the language to get used to. Have is one of the most common verbs in the English language. I like the smell of my house. Play our grammar games and have fun while you learn! This is especially true of “To be” verbs tucked into dependent clauses (particularly dependent clauses using a passive construction) and expletive constructions (“There is,” “There were,” “it is,” etc.). We create simple yes/no questions by inverting the order of subject and the “To be” verb. They are Egyptian. GrammarBank.com. An auxiliary verb is a helping verb that has no meaning on its own but it gives functional and grammatical meaning to the main verb.. To be as a main verb confirms something about the subject and describes its quality, its state or its identity. A variety of fun activity worksheets to learn and practise English verbs. My mum is a doctor. For & Since English verbs. Understanding grammar is key to understanding a language. Negative statements/sentence use the word "not" without "do - does - did". The verb be is used as an auxiliary verb and it can also be used as a main verb. The most common nonaction verb is to be. We create simple yes/no questions by inverting the order of subject and the “To be” verb. Grammar explanation at A1 level. The verb “to be” I am You are He / She / It is We are They are. In the second sentence, the predicate adjective “welcome” describes the feeling that the jurists must have had upon being so welcomed. Conjugating the verb TO BE . That sounds complicated. = You're my friend. I know how difficult it is to make your ss understand this grammar at ... 30,024 Downloads. In order to get any decent information out of him, you had to grab him and hold on tight while he went through his various forms — lion, wild boar, snake, tree, running stream — it wasn't easy. Thanks for your vote! Robert Frost was America's favorite poet. Notice that adverbs of frequency normally appear after forms of the verb “To be”: Notice that the adverb still appears after “To be” verbs but before other main verbs: An adverb can be interposed between the infinitive “To be” and a participle, as in the following sentences. To be is the most irregular auxiliary verb. Question ? Used as such, the "to be" verb works like an adjective: "The Mercedes is faster than the Fiat," or "The Mercedes is the fastest car on the lot. Thanks, Fulvio. The title says it all. http://www.engvid.com "To be" is the most common verb in English. Consider the difference between. It tells what I am, what you are or what something is. In sentences such as these, the subject usually receives the intonation stress and the voice falls off on the verb. Meaning. When the verb tense "to be" is used as the main verb tense. I’m not 9 years old! Need more practice? Home; Grammar. I am still working on my term project. The verb “to be” is both the most important verb in the English language and the most complicated . Look and listen for these eight words: Also listen for be’s that show up as contractions, as in: Hard CopyYou may download our entire discussion of the Parts of Speech. . Positive statements are followed by negative tags; negative statements by positive tags. I'm going to give you lots of examples. In fact, without a verb, full thoughts can’t be properly conveyed, and even the simplest sentences, such as Maria sings, have one. Heinle & Heinle: Boston. Grammar explanation at A1 level. When using the verb to be it is to show the status or characteristics of something or a person. It is used in many situations. They take many different forms depending on their subjects, the time they refer to and other ideas we want to express. It has eight different forms: be, am, is, are, was, were, being, been. There were four underlying causes of World War I. Example: “The Queen is to visitCanada” Notice that we use the structure “be + infinitive” as a shortened form of the future “going to”. The verb to be shows existence or, as the case may be, nonexistence. Present simple: +. We truly appreciate your support. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. After the verb to be we use an adjective phrase, a noun phrase, a preposition phrase or an adverb phrase. Passive verb constructions are useful when the subject of an action is not as important as what the subject did (the action of the sentence) or when the subject is unknown. It can also be used as an auxiliary verb. The verb “To be” is said to be the most protean of the English language, constantly changing form, sometimes without much of a discernible pattern. This existential feature of the be word prompted Shakespeare’s Hamlet to ask: “To be or not to be, that is the question.” The verb to be also shows that something takes place, happens, or will occur in the future, as in: The meeting is next week. To be exercises: present simple affirmative forms. Verbs are conjugated according to person, number, gender, tense, aspect, mood, or voice. We use the verb “to be” to talk about ourselves and our nationality. In this worksheet kids match the personal pronouns with the correct form of the verb. To print the English grammar lesson on learning how to use the verb to be right click on a white space and choose print.You can click on the printer icon just below and to the right of the contact us menu button at the top of the page or copy and paste the part of the exercise you want onto a word document and then print onto some paper. An instant no action to a sentence that describe what the subject or being ) the or... 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