(202), According to Bengel, with whom Schmid (bibl. But quickened by the Spirit - That very dead body revived by the power of his Divinity. How many of the Lord's exercised ones is Jesus daily, hourly, calling home, whose bodies called forth the groan but just before Jesus called home the spirit? . vii., p. 114. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. The word “to die” in Greek is often used in a penal sense—“to be put to death”—and is to be so taken here. reads τῷ πνεύματι evidently meaning “the Holy Spirit,” so A.V. Compare Ephesians 4:9, Ephesians 4:10, which makes the descent precede the ascent. It represents Christ throwing himself down upon and around sins in such a manner that the falling curse of the broken law would surely strike him. “Bring us,” moreover, by the same steps of humiliation and exaltation through which He Himself passed. . before ἔπαθε) clearly shows, to περὶ ἁμαρτιῶν ἔπαθε [ ἀπέθανε] (Wiesinger, Brückner, Schott). And in the context here the term ‘spirit’ signifies ‘supernatural’ life. put to death indeed in flesh, but quickened in spirit. of the New Testament, i. p. 232, Clark’s Trans.). the dissertation of Essenius, p. 10. In fact, the very Spirit which indwelt Christ throughout his earthly sojourn was the Holy Spirit dwelling in him without measure (John 3:31), and so uniquely associated with Christ that the Holy Spirit could not even come to the earth to dwell in the apostles until Christ should go back to heaven! “Christ should show,” literally, “announce light to the Gentiles”) and preached unto the spirits in prison, that is, the antediluvians, whose bodies indeed seemed free, but their spirits were in prison, shut up in the earth as one great condemned cell (exactly parallel to Isaiah 24:22, Isaiah 24:23 “upon the earth … they shall be gathered together as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison,” etc. Points to Note: 1. In other words although His body was dead, God gave Him a new spiritual body through which His spirit could live (1 Corinthians 15:44-45). Jesus remains the only means of access to the Father (John 14:6; Acts 4:12). Peter explains these terms by the expression “in order that He might bring you to God,” not “in order that He might bring God to you.” The voluntary death of a righteous man upon the cross, in the calm calculation that nothing else would so attract sinful men to Himself, and thus to the Father who sent Him (John 12:32—this is the aspect of the Atonement which St. Peter sets forth. (2) it seems equally clear that this does not refer to the Holy Spirit, or the Third Person of the Trinity, for it may be doubted whether the work of raising the dead is anywhere ascribed to that Spirit. “The Word was made flesh.” John 1:14. But St Peter at once expands the idea by shewing the blessed results of Christ’s sufferings. CHAPTER 3. Let every child of God, in the prospect of this unquestionable truth, cry out, with him of old, and say: As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness. (c) It accords with what the Saviour himself says, John 10:17-18; “I lay down my life, that I might take it again. The Alexandrian copy reads, "died for you"; and the Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Ethiopic versions read, "died for our sins"; and this he did once, and but once; he died once, and will die no more; he was offered up once, and will be offered up no more; there is no more offering, or sacrifice for sin; the reason is, because his one offering is sufficient to take away sin, which the legal sacrifices were not, and therefore were often offered; and the reason why this his one offering, or once suffering and dying, is sufficient, is, because of his divine nature, or eternal Spirit, by which he offered himself, and gave infinite virtue to his sacrifice and satisfaction: now, this is an argument for suffering patiently; since Christ, the head, has also suffered, and therefore, why not the members? "Commentary on 1 Peter 3:18". This verse, therefore, establishes a certain analogy between Christ and Christians, in so far as He was made subject to suffering not less than they, and was made so not for His own fault but for that of others. Yet it seems that he did this personally or directly, and not by the influences of the Holy Spirit, for it is said that “he went and preached.” The reference, therefore, cannot be to the Holy Spirit, and the fair conclusion is that it refers to his divine nature. Instead of ‘bring us to God’ (which is accepted by the Revised Version and most critics), ‘bring you to God’ is adopted by Westcott and Hort. 1 Peter 3:18-20.—Ibid., vol. Question: "Does 1 Peter 3:21 teach that baptism is necessary for salvation?" To purely spiritual realities it becomes alive in a manner which was impossible while it was united to the flesh. 1 * Likewise, you wives should be subordinate to your husbands so that, even if some disobey the word, they may be won over without a word by their wives’ conduct 2 when they observe your reverent and chaste behavior. Christ also hath once suffered - See the notes on Romans 5:6; Hebrews 9:28; (note). ἅπαξ means “once for all” not “once upon a time” which would require ποτέ. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Compare the following places, which are the only ones in which it occurs in the New Testament: tō Pneumati- with the article the - “the Spirit.” Hahn, Tittman, and Griesbach omit the article, and then the reading is, “quickened in spirit;” and thus the reading corresponds with the former expression, “in flesh” (. How great is the love of Christ to our fallen race [Note: Who would do any thing like this for a fellow-creature? BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 1 Peter 3:18". "The Bible Study New Testament". “This is the meaning, that Christ by His sufferings was taken from the life which is flesh and blood, as a man on earth, living, walking, and standing in flesh and blood … and He is now placed in another life and made alive according to the Spirit, has passed into a spiritual and supernatural life, which includes in itself the whole life which Christ now has in soul and body, so that He has no longer a fleshly but a spiritual body.” Luther. Christ liveth unto God, Romans 6:10. I. Besides the antithesis between them, there is another between σαρκι and πνευματι. "To God" [ Theoo (Greek #2316), dative, implying more than pros (Greek #4314) Theon (Greek #2316)] - namely, that God wishes it (Bengel). 1887. It is through that death that mercy is proclaimed to the guilty; it is by that alone that God can be reconciled to people; and the fact that the Son of God loved people, and gave himself a sacrifice for them, enduring such bitter sorrows, is the most powerful appeal which can be made to mankind to induce them to return to God. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. "Commentary on 1 Peter 3:18". Peter loves and cares about the peopleto whom he is writing. That the old world before the flood were in prison whilst here on earth, being in bondage and captivity to sin and Satan, held in the chains of their lusts, and in the bondage of their iniquity; such as are in bondage to sin, are captives in Satan's prison: the old world was also in prison whilst on earth, as having received from God the sentence of destruction, and were reserved as in prison, against the day of slaughter, if they repented not within an hundred and twenty years. References: 1 Peter 3:18.—Homilist, 2nd series, vol. His death was painful and real! If you’ve ever been to a church youth gathering you may well have seen a skit like this: A young man, probably in high school, sits reading his Bible while “Jesus” stands, smiling and glowing, at his shoulder. New York, USA. Rather, it is a remembrance. There is thus little doubt, therefore, that it was the Holy Spirit who raised Christ from the dead, and the translators could have saved a lot of misunderstanding if they had capitalized Spirit in this passage. Christianity therefore will remain the only relevant and real way to eternal life. "Family Bible New Testament". 1 Peter 3:18 Christ’s Suffering and Ours 18 For Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring 6 us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit, In this, too, it has deserted the versions of Wycliffe, Tyndale, Cranmer, Geneva, and Rheims, which all give ‘in spirit’ or ‘in the spirit.’. BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on 1 Peter 3:18". put to death — the means of His bringing us to God. . 1 Peter 3:18-20 does not support the theology that upon His death, Jesus descended down to hell. Again, he says that Christians should not be surprisedwhen they have painful troubles. Harvey Goodwin, Parish Sermons, vol. that πνευματι = ἐκ δυνάμεως θεοῦ, 2 Corinthians 13:4): BibliographyAlford, Henry. 18. ὅτι καὶ Χριστός. Perhaps the connection between the sins of mankind and the sufferings of Christ is made more striking by the word "once." The sacrifice of Jesus doesn’t lose it’s effectiveness with the passing of time. (21) Another argument taken from the happy end of these afflictions, in which Christ also goes before us both in example and power, as one who suffered most grievous torments even to death, although but only in one part of him, that is, in the flesh or man's nature: but yet became conqueror by virtue of his divinity. Note here, 1. entered and.— ὀλίγοι κ. τ. λ. St. Peter hints that here in the typical narrative is the basis of the disciple’s question, εἰ ὀλίγοι οἱ σωζόμενοι (Luke 13:23).— ὀκτὼ ψυχαί so Genesis 7:7; ψ. Renewal 1960. Moreover if "spirit" means the Holy Spirit, its meaning is not parallel with "flesh.". no other NT writer has this active picture of Jesus leading the Christian to God. Though it is not so weak a word as the one which occurs in the phrase “for sins,” it does not express the notion of substitution. Of this latter class is the rendering of the E. 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